Internet of Things Development

Internet of Things Development


The Internet of Things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as "connected devices" and "smart devices"), buildings, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. The IoT allows objects to be sensed or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention. When IoT is augmented with sensors and actuators, the technology becomes an instance of the more general class of cyber-physical systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, virtual power plants, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to interoperate within the existing Internet infrastructure.

The main architecture common to all IoT applications consists of three tiers:

  • The device tier, which includes the sensors/actuators, gateways, and communication protocols.
  • The business tier, which includes the business process, complex event processing and the enterprise systems integration.
  • The presentation tier, which includes mobile applications, web applications, and remote monitoring and control of interactive dashboards, GIS and analytics.

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